CSS Grid Layout: A Complete Guide, How it Works, Use, Limitations

CSS Grid Layout is a new CSS layout system that offers an exciting alternative to the traditional float-based layouts. It can be used for both fixed and responsive layouts, as well as providing a more powerful grid system than what has been available in the past. This article will discuss how it works, why it’s useful, and some of its limitations.

How CSS grid layout works?

CSS grid layout is a two-dimensional system that allows for the creation of pages with rows and columns. It’s similar to how tables are used in HTML, but much more versatile because it has so many additional features like grids within grids, gutters between cells or rows/columns as well as overlapping things called “fragments.”

These fragments can be whole new layouts (like an image carousel), widgets from the Bootstrap UI library (like tabs), or just text blocks if you want those on your page too. You don’t have to use them together either—it’s up to you!

The CSS grid module contains four submodules: Grid Layout Features Module Level One; Grid Layout Visual Formatting Model Specification Module Level One, Grid Layout Visual Formatting Model Specification Module Level Two; and the CSS Grids Proposal.

You can save space on your page by making “columns” that are only as wide as they need to be (so one line if you don’t have anything else in it) or by using columns with variable widths like an image carousel slide show—that’s right! You can even make grids within grids for more complicated layouts. This is all done via Sass mixins which let you set things like column sizes and offsets so everything lines up just how you want it.

It makes web design a lot easier because instead of having to write new HTML code each time you want something different, now there are some pre-made mixins to do it for you.

Here we are showing you how a grid system will work. Just the below code and paste it into your HTML file, and change the f r values as you need. If you need more columns add 1 or 2 fr at grid-template-columns. By doing this you get an extra box.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
    <title>grid system</title>
        *{box-sizing: border-box;margin: 0;padding: 0;}
        .container{display: grid; grid-template-columns:1fr 1fr 2fr 3fr; gap: 1em;} 
        .container > div{padding: 1em; background: #cccccc;}
        .container > div:nth-child(odd){background: #eeeeee;}
    <div class="container">

Here we have used fr instead of %. Fr is also a measuring unit such that em is. But here we use fr only because if you use %, then you will see a scrollbar on the screen. This is not good for design, so we suggest you use fr also.

By doing this in our design, the grid system will divide our design into multiple columns, it will automatically divide any div into a grid without giving any width or height. In reality, grid means converting your design into columns and rows. This grid system will save you a lot of time and at the same time it will make you very fast in your work, so you can use the grid system except for complex counting of width.

CSS grid Layout | Css Grid System
This is how your grid system look like

Why CSS grid layout is useful?

One of the main reason to use CSS Grid Layout is that it provides a more powerful grid system than what has been available in the past. It can be used for both fixed and responsive layouts, as well as providing an alternative to float-based layouts.

An example of when you might want to choose this layout over others would be if you need columns with variable widths or vertical rhythm; something that is not possible with flexbox or other CSS frameworks without adding extra markup. In addition, there are some interesting possibilities opened up by being able to control column placement on a page such as placing them into specific percentages of their container’s size rather than having set coordinates given by pixel values. This means they could follow different ratios depending on the size of the browser window.

CSS Grid Layout is a two-dimensional layout system that allows web designers to create grid layouts without using HTML tables, which are limited in their design and functionality. It’s an innovative CSS tool for creating beautiful responsive designs in standard browsers with well-established support across all modern desktop and mobile devices.

The power of the CSS grid lies within its ability to be broken down into rows and columns; just like one would see on graph paper or other types of grids used for graphic design purposes. Once this hierarchy is created, individual cells can then be defined as either containing content or being empty (i.e., assigned “display: none”). What makes it so powerful is that it does not require any use of JavaScript.

Limitations of CSS grid layout

  1. The grid system is not as powerful as what some other programming languages have to offer.
  2. You can’t use CSS Grid for a nested grid system (e.g., setting widths and heights of children).
  3. The grid system is not as flexible in adapting to different screen sizes.
  4. The browser support for CSS Grid Layout varies depending upon the version of the browser and operating system being used.
  5. Simultaneous use of flexbox and CSS grid layout can lead to unpredictable results, so it’s best to avoid using them together if possible.
  6. Some browsers, like IE and Safari, do not yet support CSS Grid Layout.
  7. You can’t use CSS grid layout for giving a background image to an element the way that you could with flexbox.
  8. The browser implementation of a given feature may change in future releases, so it’s important to keep this in mind when building something using these tools.


In conclusion, CSS Grid Layout offers an interesting addition to the web design toolkit which has been eagerly awaited by many developers and designers alike. It’s easy enough that anyone with basic HTML/CSS experience should be able to start using it right away, but flexible enough that you don’t need any special skills or knowledge in order to make good layouts with it.

I hope this article helped you understand how it works! If I missed anything important please let me know in the comments below! Don’t forget also read our new article

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